Brazil

Visas, Vaccines, and Outlets:

Brazil requires U.S. citizens to carry a valid U.S. passport and visa when traveling to Brazil. The Brazilian visa must be obtain in advance from a Brazilian Embassy or consulate.[1] For more information visit the Brazilian Embassy website.

As always, travelers must be up-to-date with their routine vaccination. Depending on the length of stay vaccines against Malaria and/or Rabies are recommended.[2] For more current information, visit the CDC‘s website.

In Brazil the power socket used are of type N [3]. For power sockets of type N, you need a power plug adaptor. Although, the socket is different the voltage is the same as the U.S. 110-120 volts.

Social Customs:

The information below is a overview of Brazil’s social customs, the article does not attest to the culture of all Brazilians.[4] [5]

  • Although,shaking hands has become a more commonplace, usually greetings are kisses on the cheek once (in Sao Paulo) or twice (in Rio and elsewhere)
  • During a conversation, one can expect being interrupted, since it is not perceived as rude.
  • When communicating, locals will often touch one another lightly and stand close, this should not be mistaken for flirtation or inappropriate behaviour
  • Punctuality is not generally adhered. However, in the work-place and in medical situations people are on time.
  • There is a class system in Brazil: class is determined by economic status and skin color
  • Social discrimination on the basis of skin color is a daily occurrence
  • Families are an important part of the Brazilian culture, families tend to be large and the extended family is quite close

Education System:

School/Level Equivalent Notes
Primary 1-8 Grade Compulsory education for children aged 6 to 14. 8 year education divided into two four-year cycles[8][7].
Secondary School 9-12 Grade Secondary education is also free but not compulsory[7]. Core subjects include Portuguese[6][9], Brazilian and a third language.
Vocational N/A Young people who have completed the compulsory education can apply for apprenticeship[10] . Apprentice are allowed to work no more that 6 hours per day to give the opportunity for those who have not completed secondary education to attend classes. The duration of the apprenticeship is 2 years as long as the apprentice is not older than 24
Higher Education N/A Similar to western education.

References:
1. Visa information Consulate Brazil
2. Health Information Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
3. Plug & Socket types World Standards
4. Etiquette Frommer’s
5. Traditional Customs brazil.org
6. Educational The Educational System of Brazil
7. Classbase
8. Educational Overview World Education Services
9. Education System Academic Exchange
10. Technical and Vocational Education UNEVOC