Indonesia

Visas, Vaccines, and Outlets:

For U.S. citizens and stays less than 30 days, a visa is not required [1]. However, travelers must have a valid passport with at least 6 months beyond the date of arrival. If one wants to stay for more than 30 days visit the Embassy of the Republic of Indonesia website for more information.

No vaccines are required[2], but vaccines for Hepatitis A and Typhoid are recommended. For more information visit the CDC website.

Electrical sockets (outlets) in Indonesia are Type C, E/F or G and unlike the U.S., the voltage is 220-240 volts and not 110-120 volts[3]. Since the outlets are different an adaptor is recommended.

Social Customs:

The information included in this article are generalizations and do not attest to the culture of all Indonesians[4][5][6].

  • Indonesians are first loyal to their province/ethnic group and then their country.
  • The national motto is ” Unity in Diversity”
  • To maintain group harmony Indonesians avoid causing shame, to themselves or others
  • Greetings are meant to be formal
  • Many Indonesians may give a slight bow or place their hands on their heart after shaking your hand
  • Indonesia has the largest Muslim population in the world
  • Indonesians tend to be more conservative when it comes to clothing
  • Avoid using your left had for anything. It is considered rude as it is considered the hand you use to wipe yourself in the  bathroom.
  • Shoes should be removed before entering a house
  • When meeting older Indonesians bend slightly to show respect

Education System:

School/Level Equivalent Notes
Primary 1-6 Grade Similar to western primary education. Most elementary schools are government controlled[8]. Some offer accelerated programs that compress the phase to 5 years[8].
Lower Secondary 7-9 Grade End of mandatory education[7]. After the 9 years students are piped into either vocational or upper secondary. Both vocational and upper are separated into Islamic and general.
Upper Secondary/ Vocational 10-11 Grade Since Indonesia is a mostly Muslim country, they divid the high schools into, Upper General, Islamic Education[8] and Vocational. Access to upper secondary depends on the results of an academic and psychological test[7].
Tertiary education N/A There are 4 main kinds of tertiary education[8] institutions: polytechnics, academies, institutes and universities. Some of these are state controlled, some a religiously affiliated and others are privately funded.

References:
1. U.S Passports & International Travel
2. Tropical Medical Bureau Vaccinations for Indonesia
3. Indonesia Power Plugs and Sockets of the World
4. Just Landed Customs, norms and etiquette in Indonesia
5. World Nomads Indonesia customs and traditions
6. Kwintessential Language, Culture, Customs and Business Etiquette
7. Education in Indonesia World Education News & Reviews
8. Education Database