Australia

Visas, Vaccines and Others:

Australia requires U.S. citizens to either have a visa or an Electronic Travel Authority (ETA) [1] . ETA are valid for stays under 90 days, otherwise travels will need a visa. For more information about ETA’s visit the link. Passport must be valid at time of entry and it must have at least one empty page for the entry stamp.

Rabies is present in bats in Australia [2] . However, it is not a risk unless travelers plan to get involved in outdoor activities in remote areas. For the most up to date information visit the CDC website for Australia.

Electrical sockets (outlets) in Australia are Type I and unlike the U.S., the voltage is 220-240 volts and not 110-120 volts[3]. Since the outlets are different an adaptor is recommended.

Social Customs:

It is important to know that Australian culture is broad and varied, there generalization cannot be used as an accurate representation of all of Australia’s social customs. [4] [5] [6]

  • The Australian culture is mostly western, however, it differs slightly because of its geographic isolation
  • Australians tend to not be very formal so greetings are usually casual and relaxed
  • Aussies prefer to use first names, even at the initial meeting
  • Service attendants consider themselves equal to their guests
  • 76.4% Aussies are Christians
  • The national identity is multicultural, polyethnic, and cosmopolitan
  • Australian is self-described as “dry, full of extremes, anti-authoritarian, self-mocking and ironic”

Education System:

School/Level Equivalent Notes
Primary School 1-6 Grade Primary through Secondary education is required [7]. Wearing uniforms and sun hats are compulsory for children in year 1 – 4[8]
Secondary School 7-10 Grade  Children in public schools must attend the school in their catchment area. In most schools children wear a uniform[8].
Senior Secondary School 11-12 Grade  Similar to western education [7]
Tertiary education N/A Both vocations and higher education (including universities) [7]

References:
1. U.S Passports & International Travel
2. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
3. About Australia
4. Kwintessentail Australia – Cultures, Customs and Etiquette
5.Career FAQs Australian culture, values and customs
6. Countries and their Cultures
7. Australian Education System
8. Australia Angloinfo Schooling and Education